Launceston is a city in the north of the state of Tasmania, Australia, with a population of 103,325 located at the juncture of the North Esk, South Esk, and Tamar rivers. It is the second largest city in Tasmania after the state capital Hobart. Settled by Europeans in March 1806, Launceston is one of Australia's oldest cities and is home to a large selection of nineteenth century buildings. Like many Australian places, it was named after a town in the United Kingdom in this case, Launceston, Cornwall. Launceston has also been home to several firsts such as the first use of anesthetic in the Southern Hemisphere, the first Australian city to have underground sewers and the first Australian city to be lit by hydroelectricity. The city has a cool temperature climate with four distinct seasons and is a very popular tourist destination.