There are two main temples, the Great Temple of Ramesses II and Temple of Hathor, each with a variety of internal stone carvings. Notice some of the lines where the stone cubes were sawed apart. The Great Temple took 24 years to build and was shifted from its original position between 1960 and 1980 to avoid being flooded by Lake Nasser. Its axis was positioned by the ancient Egyptian architects in such a way that twice a year, on February and October 20, the rays of the sun would penetrate the sanctuary and illuminate the sculpture on the back wall, except for the statue of Ptah, the god connected with the Underworld, who always remained in the dark. These dates are allegedly the king's birthday and coronation day respectively, but there is no evidence to support this, though it is quite logical to assume that these dates had some relation to a great event, such as the jubilee celebrating the thirtieth anniversary of the pharaoh's rule. This image of the king was enhanced and revitalized by the energy of the solar star, and the deified Ramesses II could take his place next to Amun Ra and Ra-Horakhty.
Due to the displacement of the temple, it is widely believed that this event now occurs one day later than it did originally.
Also, look for a "Kilroy was here" on the lower legs of one of the 4 giant statues of Ramesses II, along with other grafitti, formerly considered fashionable.
Be sure to follow the pathway inside the fake mountain dome, to see how the mountain was constructed
Temple of Ramses
One of the many relics erected by the Pharoah Ramses II, this is the grandest and most beautiful of temples . The facade is 33 meters high, and 38 meters wide, and guarded by for statues of Ramses II, each of which is 20 meters high. High on the facade, there is a carved row of baboons, smiling at the sunrise. On the doorway of the temple, there is a beautiful inscription of the King's name : Ser-Ma'at-Ra; and between the legs of the colossal statues on the facade, we can see smaller statues of Ramses II 's family: his mother "Mut--tuy", his wife "Nefertari" and his sons
Temple of Nefertite
Located north of the Greater Temple, this was carved in the rock by Ramses II and dedicated to the goddess of Love and Beauty, Hathur, and also to his favourite wife, Nefertari. The Facade is adorned by six statues, four to Ramses II and two to his wife Nefertari. The entrance leads to a hall containing six pillars bearing the head of the goddess, Hathur. The eastern wall bears inscriptions depicting Ramses II striking the enemy before Ra-Harakhte and Amun-Ra. Other wall scenes show Ramses II and Nefertari offering sacrifices to the gods. Beyond this hall, there is another wall