Agra is the capital of architecture and monuments in India. It has always been endorsed with the name of The Taj Mahal, but there are a few other buildings in Agra that hold equal importance and significance in the history of the Mughals. One such construction is the Agra Fort, whose main parts were constructed by Akbar in 1565 AD and is yet another name which the city takes pride in. The monument is located in the northwest region of The Taj Mahal at a distance of 2.5 km from the banks of Yamuna. The 94-acre Fort has a semicircular structural plan, and its circumference lies parallel to the river Yamuna and the height of its wall is seventy feet. All four sides have been provided with a gate, which includes a Khizri gate that opens on the river side. Agra Fort incorporates from the beautiful Mosques and palaces such as Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Khas, Jahangir Mahal, and Moti Masjid.
|Other attractions||:||The Agra Fort houses the Royal Pavilions, which were designed to catch the cool breeze wafting across the river. Other attractions include the Macchi Bhawan or the Fish Palace, the Hammam-i-Shahi or the Royal Bath, the Nagina Masjid or the Gem Mosque, and the Zenana Meena Bazaar, where the ladies of the court would browse through goods like silk, jewellery and brocade.|
|Information for tourists||:||The wall has 2 gates, the Delhi Gate and the Amar Singh Gate. One can only enter the fort via the Amar Singh Gate. Part of the fort is still in use by the Indian Army and is not accessible to the public, but there's still enough left to get an insight on the way the Mughals lived. The original and grandest entrance was through the Delhi Gate, which leads to the inner portal called the Hathi Pol or Elephant Gate.|
|Location||:||On the banks of River Yamuna|
|Construction||:||The high red sandstone ramparts of this great monument stretch for almost 2.5 kilometres, dominating a bend in the river Yamuna. Emperor Akbar laid the foundation of this majestic citadel and it developed as a stronghold of the Mughal Empire under successive generations. Shahjahan constructed the graceful Diwan-i-Am or the Hall of Public Audiences, made of red sandstone, in 1628. Three rows of white polished stucco pillars topped by peacock arches support the flat roof. Today, this Hall is bereft of brocade decorations, silk carpets and satin canopies that would have enhanced the elegance of the settings when the Emperor sat down with his subjects to hear their complaints.|
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