Weaving, wood carving, carpet making, ornament making and cane and bamboo work are the main art and craft activities of Arunachal Pradesh.
Art & Crafts
Weaving, wood carving, carpet making, ornament making and cane and bamboo work are the main art and craft activities of Arunachal Pradesh.
Weaving:Weaving is the primary occupation of the women of this region. Their particularity about colours has led them to combine beautiful and vivid colours together. Black, green, yellow, scarlet, madder and dark blue are the colours they are mostly fond of. From natural dyes, they have switched on to the synthetic ones dominant in the market. They generally make the designs on the geometrical patterns which earlier used to be a conventional line-band arrangement which has changed over the years to systematization of lozenges and diamonds. Internal repetition along with other decorations enhances these designs often.
Sherdukpen shawls, Adi skirts, Adi jackets, Mishmi shawls, Apatani scarves and jackets, Adi bags, jackets and blouses, Wancho loin cloths and bags are the most famous woven products to be found here. The weaving centers run by the Government use fly shuttles but the conventional loin looms have not vanished altogether and survive in the genuine textiles which have been manufactured by these.
Cane and Bamboo Work:Cane and bamboo industry of Arunachal Pradesh has a high-profile Cane & Bamboo work industry. Cane and Bamboo form the core of the domestic requirements. Hats varying in shapes and sizes, diverse sorts of baskets, cane vessels, an elaborate range of cane belts- woven or plains, intricately woven cane and fibre brassier, carved bamboo mugs, a wide range comprising necklaces and other ornaments form the category of products deserving special citation. However, the technique which is employed for basketry remains the same throughout. Twill and hexagon (open and closed) are the elementary techniques that are employed in making baskets.
Arunachal basketry is beautiful in terms of its fine texture as well as the unusual shapes. There is a homogeneous relationship between the shape, the topography and the region's climatic condition. Angularity and curvaceousness are the features that increases the functions of the baskets.
Carpet Making:The Monpas specialize in Carpet making. Dragon, floral and geometric are the designs in which beautiful multi-hued carpets are woven.
Unique choice of colours merged with intelligent combination of all of them render a peerless position to the carpets. The carpets have sweeped into the trading sphere from domestic use and continue to provide employment to many. With rapid increase in demand, there has occurred urgency for large-scale production.
Wood Carving in Arunachal Pradesh:Wood carving is the traditional work of the tribes-Khamtis, the Wanchos and the Monpas. The Monpas make beautiful dishes, fruit bowls and cups and make resplendent masks to be worn in ceremonial pantomimes and dances.
The Membas and the Khambas belonging to the West Siang too carve wooden masks. The Khamptis excel in making beautiful images of religious deities, figures of great dancers, toys and other such objects. The Wanchos of Tirap specialize in making beautiful wood carvings. The Wancho area, as a matter of fact, is considered to be the hub of wood carving. Wancho wood carving, in the ancient times, was associated chiefly with head hunting. All their wood carvings were dominated by the human head. In the recent years, however, it has accumulated other subjects too. A minute speculation over this craft would reveal its free standing, deep rooted proportion, despite its attention on the head.
Ornaments:Arunachal Pradesh is also known for its exquisite craft making. Apart from this, diverse coloured and sized beads, birds’ wings with feathers blue in colour, beetles’ green wings are other decorative items. The Akas specialize in making bamboo bangles. Ear ornament also embellished with designs of pocker work are also their specialties.
The tribes are fond of beaded ornaments. The Wanchos and the Noctes weave the beads into spectacular patterns unlike the rest who just hang he beaded strings around their necks. The Wancho girls excel in bead work. They display a superb blend of design and colour for which one of the Wancho girls received the President’s award in 1985 for master craftswoman. Glass beads, cane, bamboo, wild seeds and reed are employed to make the ear ornaments. The people of this region are fascinated by the coloured glass ornaments.
The Mishmis are renowned for their silver ornaments. The women folk of the Idu Mishmi wear necklaces of silver fillet accompanied by lockets and earring. The Khamtis and Sherdukpens were, at one point of time, also known for their silver work. Nose plugs adorn the Apatani women and these are made of cane making them stand out among the others.
Other Crafts:Paper makings, carpentry, pottery, ivory work and smithy work are some of the other crafts that are predominantly present in the region. The paper tree made by the Monpas are used for writing down religious hymns and prayers. The requirements (that of equipments and tools) of the universally present smithy work are fulfilled by the people. The blacksmiths of this region excel in gun making as well to an extent. The Adis carved a niche for themselves in casting brass. In present times, the Nishing smiths have still preserved the tradition of making brass ornaments, sacred bells and dishes. The women folk of the Wanchos, the Apatanis, the Nishings and the Noctes practice Pottery.
Hunting is the leisure time activity that these people resort to for supplementing their food. Spears, arrows and bows and daos are the weapons that facilitate this activity. They poison the arrow tips and carry them in quivers made out of bamboo tubes. Guns and cross bows too are used and hunting is done in the indigenous ways of trapping animals and snaring.
Fishing is yet another subsidiary occupation. Fishing is facilitated by various small and big traps. These traps may either be valved or without valves. Hand woven hand nets and cast nets are the diverse sorts of fishing nets.
Wancho Dance, Ponung Dance, Khampti Dance and The Buiya Dance are the indigenous folk dances of its tribal people.
Arunachal Pradesh Dances:The zeal of the people of Arunachal Pradesh to live and their subsequent joy is reflected in their dances. Whether it is festivities, rituals or sheer recreational purpose, dances are the sole resort the people take to. While the profound Buddhist dance dramas with its exquisite style stand on one extreme the simplified, hueful and the gracious performances of the Wanchos and the Noctes stand on the other extreme with their martial steps.
Both the men and the women folk participate in the group dances of Arunachal Pradesh. The women folk, however, are barred from relishing the magic of the Igu dance danced by the Mishmi priests, the war dances that of the Noctes, the Adis and the Wanchos and the ritualistic dance belonging to the Buddhist tribes. It is because of the sole reason that these are specifically male dance forms.
The major folk dances are :
Aji Lamu (Monpa Tribe)
Hiirii Khaniing (Apatani Tribe)
Pasi Kongki (Adi Tribe)
Ponung (Adi Tribe)
Rekham Pada(Nishing Tribe)
Lion and Peacock dance (Monpa Tribe)
Roppi (Nishing Tribe)
Popir (Adi Tribe)
Chalo (Nocte Tribe), etc.
A chorus has to accompany the dances.
The Monpas, not only do perform Monastic dances but also other types such as Yak dance, Aji Lhamu, lion & peacock, pertaining to other occasions. The Monastic dances are performed during the Torgya festival continuously for 3 days.
The Adis developed the dance into a major art form for recreational and entertainment purposes. Absolute rhythmic unison marks the “Phoning dance” of this region and the uniform movements of the girls is an add-on. The Tagins and Nishis belonging to the Lower and the Upper Subansiri Districts perform similar group dance wearing colourful costumes.
Every year the lively state of Arunachal Pradesh blooms with zest and vigour when the season of fairs arrives. The fairs reflect the colourful and enthusiastic nature of the people and give them an occasion to gather together and cherish the moments for the lifetime. Some of the major fairs that are held in this part of the country are :
Brahmaputra Darshan Festival:
Commemorating the might of the river Brahmaputra, this festival is held every year in the month of January and because of the fact of not being held in the same place every year, the tourists behold a new part of the state yearly. Revered as a deity for long years, this river has been known to have brought harvest and peace to the state. The festival holds fair that exhibit some of the finest examples of food, handicrafts, herbs, etc. along with adventurous sports such as river rafting and boat race. Traditional dance and music also adorns the occasion.
The Sangken festival, a festival of the Khamtis, is considered to be a Buddhist festival but other religious tribes too take part in the festival and the fair to give it a secular tinge. Sweets and gifts are exchanged among the people. The images of Lord Buddha are are taken out in the procession for ceremonial bath. Torgya and Tamladu festivals are other festivals which gives an occasion to the people of Arunachal Pradesh for displaying their handcrafted masterpieces and mouth-watering delicacies.
Solung Festival, Reh Festival, Dree Festival and Losar Festival are some native festivals of the state.
Introduction : The north-eastern region of India is surrounded by breath- taking Himalayan range, which is famous for its tourist attractions. This region includes states like Arunachal Pradesh, with its rich cultural heritage and unique traditions. The festivals and fairs observed in the state make its life colorful. These festivals in the state present a rare opportunity for tribal reunion. People from all walks of life participate in these festivals and fairs, without any discrimination of political, economic or social background. The Khan festival in Arunachal Pradesh presents a distinctive and vibrant aspect of tribal culture in the state. Description : The Khan festival, the most popular festival of Arunachal Pradesh, is celebrated by all the natives of the state irrespective of their backgrounds. This festival is originally celebrated by Miji tribes of the state. It is a religious practice where priest winds a holy thread along the neck of the devotees and some believe that it would bring good omen to the tribes and save them from the evil spirit. The holy thread occupies an important position in this Khan festival, as it winds divergent cultural societies into one thread and thus acting a uniting force in the multi-cultural Arunachal Pradesh.
Introduction : Among the seven sister states of north-east India, Arunachal Pradesh is unique for its cultural diversity and geographical topography. Not only is surrounded by Himalayan mountain ranges but also it is gifted with fertile land where its tribal population cultivates their foods. Cultivation is a major source of their livelihood. Choekhor is an important festival of the region celebrated after the crops are shown in the field. In this festival the devotees pray to their deities for prosperous harvesting season. Description : Choekhor is basically a festival of harvesting season celebrated by the whole village of the community in all its grandness and jovial mood. People pray to their Gods to protect their crops from any natural calamity and increase their yield further. It falls on the 7th month of the Lunar Calender. However Choekor is not the only festival that is celebrated in the state with agricultural theme but another important festival like Monpa has also the similar theme. The tribes of Arunachal Pradesh also observe New Year festival with great pomp and grandeur. Celebrated on the 11th month of the Lunar Calender, The New Year in the state is known as Losar and is celebrated with lot of enthusiasm. These festivals are famous for their unique tribal dance and music and are meant to pray the God to protect the harvest from any evil.
Tawang is one of the most beautiful hill stations you can ever visit during your travel to India. It is also an important center for Buddhist learning, something that attracts people from all across the world. Speaking of the fairs and festivals in Tawang, this picturesque hill station celebrates a good numbers of events throughout the year. The Losar Festival is among the most important festivals celebrated in Tawang Arunachal Pradesh.
Losar is celebrated by the Monpas who are a majority in Tawang Arunachal Pradesh. Belonging to the Mongoloid stock, the Monpas are mainly into agriculture and animal husbandry. It must also be mentioned that Losar is the most important festival of the Monpas in Tawang Arunachal Pradesh.
Commemorating the advent of the new year, Losar is the occasion when the Monpas feast, drink and make merry. Relatives and friends get together and celebrate this festival in a very pompous manner. The festival of Losar falls in the end of February or early March and is celebrated for 8 - 15 days. Indeed, the joie-de-vivre that characterizes this festival is simply fascinating.
Before the advent of the Losar festival in Tawang people can be seen cleaning their homes and discarding all unused and old items. It is believed that by doing so one can usher in good health, peace and prosperity to the house. You can also be a part of the Losar Festival during your visit to Tawang. Just get in touch with us today for details and well priced tour pacakges.
Introduction : Arunachal Pradesh is the soil of many exclusive cultural and social heritages. Here we can witness a blend of religious and ideological discourses. Buddhists are the major religious group of the state. They have given it some of the most popular festivals confirming their cultural identity in the region. Saha Dawa is an important festival celebrated by the Buddhists. Description : In the state of Arunachal Pradesh, Buddhist occupies a very prominent position. The festival of Saha Dawa is celebrated as the day of Enlightenment for them. It is believed that on this very day of Saha Dawa, Lord Buddha attained Nirvana and thus this the most important day in the life of every Buddhist. The festivity starts with a procession carrying the holy books of Buddhism. The procession starts from the Tusuklakhang and follow the whole city. The festival is generally celebrated at the end of May or the beginning of the June. Though, the exact date of the festival depends on the full moon day according to the lunar calendar of the local Buddhist. Apart from that, Arunachal Pradesh has also many other key festivals like Shaken festival, Losar and Reh festival. These festivals are celebrated in Great Spirit by the members of all community other than the usual Buddhist, showing the color of unity among the diversified stare culture.
Linguistically Arunachal Pradesh is diverse and rich not only in India but in whole of Asia. Tibeto-Burman languages, Indian languages and tribal languages all make Arunachal Pradesh a place of unique linguistic diversity.
Languages of Arunachal Pradesh:The people of Arunachal Pradesh belong to various tribes out of which an entire caboodle of dialects has cropped up. The language, therefore, varies from one region to another. Each of the dialects spoken by the tribes has become an inherent feature of the tribe distinguishing it from the rest. Adi Gallong, Mishri, Dafla, Monpa, Nocte, Khamti, Aka, Tagin, Nishi and Wancho are some of the chief dialects that have shaped the language of this region. With the passing of years these tribes have come up with yet more prominent dialects which have complicated the already complex language system of the place.
The Adi language is primarily spoken in this region and has been popularized by the Adi tribe. Embraced by the grandiloquent arms of the mighty Himalayas, this language is also spoken by the tribes inhabiting the Siang valley , the Dibang valley and the upper Subansiri valley. In the lower regions of Subansiri, eastern borders of Papum Pare and Kameng, the language called Nishi is spoken widely. The Monpa tribes adhere to their language called the Monpa language. Besides these, Assamese, Bengali and Hindi too are spoken widely and serve as the common medium of communication.
The hospitality of the people is reflected in the soft spoken dialects of the region.
Non-vegetarian dishes with low spices are prepared variedly according to the different regions of Arunachal Pradesh.
Food of Arunachal Pradesh:Arunachal Pradesh, an ensemble of diversified tribes and their individual influences, exhibits diversity in its cuisine as well. Contrary to its northern counterpart, the food of this region is usually non-spicy and for which it is considered as bland at times. But it has its own savour that lingers on in the taste buds and the aroma sweeps into the mind.
The food is made of leafy green vegetables or maize and is seasoned usually either with local herbs or bamboo shoots. Non vegetarian dishes form the core of the cuisine of Arunachal Pradesh. But there is one thing that possesses an all embracing uniqueness and that is the “Apong”- a drink made of fermented millet or rice.
Momos, the dish that has, in the recent years, crept into each and every corner of the nation, had originated in this part of the country and the Monpas are bestowed with the title of having brought this dish to the forefront. This steamed or fried dough with either meat or onions stuffed inside, served with chilly sauce and soup, has become a favourite among a major part of the population of the country. Zan (a preparation of millet or flour and boiling water) is the chief and the staple food of the Monpas and to a certain extent the whole of the region. Khura is usually had at the tea time and is basically a pancake made out of little Chang, water and flour.
The cuisine of Arunachal Pradesh is incomplete without the mention of Thukpa. It is basically a preparation of noodles with soup-minced meat. These are available in three varieties :
A) Dre-Thuk : It is made out of noodles and soup minced meat.
B) Ashum Thukpa : It is made of maize, beans and meat.
C) Bak-tza : It is yet another type of thukpa made in the same manner but here the noodles are replaced with flat rectangular shaped dough.
Alcohol is an integral part of their cuisine and is served in almost every meal.
State : Arunachal Pradesh, the north eastern state of India. Best Time to Travel : November to February. Locate : The sanctuary is located at the Dibang Valley of Arunachal Pradesh in India. Know the Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh: Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary is located to the northeast of Anini the headquarters of the Upper Dibang Valley district in Arunachal Pradesh. Lying in the lush Dibang Valley, Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over an area of 4149 sq km. The surrounding area of the sanctuary... read more
State : Arunachal Pradesh, the north eastern state of India. Best time to Travel : October to April. Locate : Eagle's Nest Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the West Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh in India. Know Eagle Nest Wildlife Sanctuary Eagle's Nest Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh is located in the West Kameng District of the state. The sanctuary covering an area of 217 sq km, shelters various animals and birds. The various animals seen here are elephants, tigers, leopards, sambars, serows, gorals... read more
State : Arunachal Pradesh, the north eastern state of India. Locate : The Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary is actually situated in Naharlagun in Arunachal Pradesh. Best time to travel : October to April. Know Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh. Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh is spread over an area of about 140.30 sq. km with rare and varied species of flora & fauna. Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh is actually in Naharlagun, the other part of Itanagar, the capital city of Aru... read more
State : Arunachal Pradesh, the north eastern state of India. Best time to Travel : October to April. Locate : The Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary comes under the Lohit District of Arunachal Pradesh in India. Know Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary Part of Kamlang Reserved Forests under Lohit District was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary covering an area of 783 sq km in the north eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh in India. The forest area at Kamalang is rich with greenery and wildlife. The wildlife that can be seen in the Kamla... read more
State : Arunachal Pradesh, the north eastern state of India. Best time to Travel : October to April. Locate : Kane Wildlife Sanctuary, located in the district of West Siang of Arunachal Pradesh India. Know the Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Kane Wildlife Sanctuary, located in the district of West Siang in the north eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh in India. Kane Wildlife Sanctury Arunachal Pradesh is spread over an area of about 55 sq. km. The wildlife that can be seen here is elephant, small cats, deer etc. The vegetat... read more
State : Arunachal Pradeesh, the north eastern state of India. Best time to Travel : October to April Locate : This sanctuary is located near Roing the headquarters of the Lower Dibang Valley District. Know Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh covers an area of 281 sq.km. near the Roing, in the Lower Dibang valley District. The surrounding of the Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary is domesticated by Idu Mishimis and Adis. The sanctuary is rich with varied flora & fauna.
State : Arunachal Pradesh, the north eastern state of India. Best Time to Travel : October to April. Locate : The Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary (Pakke Tiger Reserve) is located in the East kameng District of Arunachal pradesh with head quarter at Seijusa 21 km from Saibari in Assam off the NH- 52. Know the Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary lies in headquarters of Seijusa in the southwestern side of Arunachal Pradesh in India. Covering an area of 862 km, Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary or Pakke Tiger Reserve... read more
State : Arunachal Pradesh, the north eastern state of India. Best time to Travel : December To February. Location : The sanctuary is located at East Siang District, covering an area of 190 sq. km. Know Daying Ering Wildlife Sanctuary (Arunachal) Daying Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh has all the necessary character to approve a strong eco-tourism sector. The Daying Ering Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh covers a total area of 190 sq km. The major part (75%) of the Daying Ering Wildlife Sa... read more
An Ancient Legend
Akashiganga is believed to be associated with the legend of Parvati narrated in the 8th century Kalika Purana. It is said that Lord Shankar roamed in the sky with the dead body of Parvati (Sati). To bring him out of attachment for the dead body Lord Vishnu using his 'Sudarshan Chakra' cut the body into pieces.
During this process it is said that one of the body piece fell in the area which is 12-km from Malinithan towards Along in West Siang District. This place is called Akashi Ganga and is... read more
A Picturesque Location Merak Lama Lodre Gyamtso founded the famous "Galden Namgyal Lhatse", popularly known as Tawang Monastery in the year 1860-61. The monastery stands on the spur of a hill, about 10,000 feet above sea level and has ravines in the south and west, narrow ridge on the north and a gradual slope on the east.
It offers a commanding and picturesque view of the Tawang-Chu valley. From a distance it appears like a fort as if guarding the votaries in the wide valley below. Tawang monastery is the larg... read more