Cunnigham, Growse, Fuhrer and others unearthed the rich treasure of antiquarian values, which form the nucleus for the present museum located at Dampier Park, Mathura. It houses rich collections of fine sculpture, terracotta, bronze objects of the Maurya, Sunga, Kushan and Gupta periods. It also houses the famous standing Buddha from the 5th century AD.
Mr. F. S. Growse, the then collector of the District of Mathura founded the museum in the year 1874. The museum is housed in a fine octagonal, red sandstone building and has the largest collection of Kushana sculptures in the country. The museum has the richest and by far the most important collection of Mathura School of Sculptures of 3rd century B.C. to 12th century A. D. that attained the pinnacle of glory during the reign of Great Kushan and Gupta Emperors. With the most impressive quantum of plastic forms with vast and varied meaning on display, the museum perhaps provides the best material available for the study of Indian Art and Iconography. Probably, the museum can boast of a better and a more varied collection of archeological material from one single region. Today, the museum is one of the leading centers for research, study and the preservation of Mathura' s splendid heritage of art.
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