Paintings of Tanjore, Jewelery, Metalware, Pottery, Woodcraft, Stone Carving, Textile and Musical Instruments are few arts and crafts of Tamil Nadu.
Art & Crafts
Paintings of Tanjore, Jewelery, Metalware, Pottery, Woodcraft, Stone Carving, Textile and Musical Instruments are few arts and crafts of Tamil Nadu.
Tanjore Painting:The very famous Tanjore Paintings are the most significant handicrafts of Tamil Nadu. These paintings are done on wood, mica, glass, ivory and on the walls and are defined by the use of a thin sheet of gold along with the primary colors and stylized modeling effects produced by shading the inside of contours. Drapery, jewels, and architectural elements such as rich canopies, finely executed pillars, chandeliers, rope garlands etc are raised slightly with the help of plaster, covered using pure gold leaf and entrenched with semi precious stone of various colors. Painting on mica, ivory and the more difficult kind i.e. glass were brought in the 18th century. The religious paintings are flat and highly decorative and the paintings of women are conventionalized with an element of authenticity inculcated in portraits.
The Craft of Making Musical Instruments:Dance and music played a significant role in Tamil Nadu’s life. Thus, making of musical instruments became a chief craft over here. Mostly, the centers of this craft are located around Thanjavur, which is the hometown of various well known musicians of the country as well.
According to Tamil classic, Silappadikaaram, there is an ancient instrument of Tamils, the wooden Yaazh which is in the shape of fishes, crocodiles and boats and is similar to lute or harp. Now, this instrument is replaced by more flexible Veena which is made of Jackwood. Parts of the instrument include top plank, kudam (pot), yaali and neck. These are first gathered and a blend of black powder and honey wax is applied on the top plank. Then further processing is done for completion. There are families in Thanjavur which have been into the trade of Veenas for generations. Other musical instruments include Thamburas with wooden bases and kuzhal-a wind instrument or flute related to Lord Krishna. It is popularly called as Vangiyam made of sandalwood, bamboo, sengaali, bronze and karungaali.
The Art of Creating Jewellery:Just like the country’s other parts, Tamil Nadu possesses its own traditional jewellery specially the stone crusted jewellery which reached the peak over here. Ornaments that are popular here include vanki (armlet), oddiyaanam (gold waist belt) and jimiki (eardrop), crafted traditionally and finished with great adroitness. Jimiki is a bell shaped ear jewel set with colored stones and pearls hanging at the lower end from the motus shape of rubies or diamonds worn on the ear’s lower lobe. Other lovely jewels that Tamil women wear include adigai, maattal, mangalasuthra or thaali, maangaamaalai, puduchcheri golusu, kaasumaalai, and Gajja golusu.
Metalware in Tamil Nadu:The well known copper and brass metalware has an ancient and rich tradition in Tamil Nadu. These metal objects are utilized for both secular and religious purposes, though utility is the main consideration. The lamp or the deepam is regarded as a sign of Agni, which is auspicious. There is a wide variety of lamps which comprise of standing lamps, deepalakshmis, aarathi(votive lamps), chain lamps and hand lamps. Shallow dishes and patterned trays in hexagonal, circular, oval and octagonal shapes are extensively used in Tamil Nadu and are made using bronze or sheet brass. The well known Thanjavur plates feature designs of birds, deities, geometric patterns, flowers beaten out from the back of silver and copper sheets and then crusted on a brass tray, panchpaathra or kudam. Metal toys comprise of models of cows, horses, elephants etc chiefly made of brass. An entire range of appealingly polished and finished utensils of utility value are made as well.
Pottery:Since ancient times, the art of pottery have been practiced in the state of Tamil Nadu. The most common example of the popularity of the art of pottery in the state is the use of Ayyannar horses. It is believed that these horses safeguard the village from evil. In Pudukottai and Salem, large terracotta horses are manufactured. These horses were made originally and were burned (fired) individually so as to achieve some strength. The horses were originally made and fired individually. The increase in demand of the terracotta art items led to the usage of moulds too.
Woodcraft:The artistic fiber products and basketry made in Tamil Nadu are huge in demand in Indian market as well as foreign markets. Palm is the chief source of getting raw material for the craft of basket making. Various other things like cane, bamboo, grasses, fibers and reeds are used in manufacturing ropes, baskets, mats and various other items. The chief centers of woodcraft are located in Salem, Dharampuri, Coimbatore, Tiruchirapalli and South Arcot districts.
Stone Carving:Very early in history, Tamil Nadu has reached the height of excellence in terms of Stone carving. Granite carving is limited to areas near Chingleput and Mamallapuram. The well known sculptors of these areas belong to Kammaalar or Vishwakarma community. Maakal carving or soapstone is an auxiliary form of carving, which is found in areas located between Cuddalore & Pondicherry and also around Salem.
Basketry in Tamil Nadu:Basketry is mainly a folk craft, which is widely practiced in the states of Tripura, Assam, Bihar, Bengal, Orissa, Kerala, Punjab, Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh etc. Baskets can be made in two ways i.e. plated and coiled. In Plated, the basket is built by crossing the weft and the warp in hexagonal, chequered or twill intertwined work. In coiled, the craft requires two things, core or coil and wrapping & sewing strips.
The state of Tamil Nadu is highly popular for its palm leaf and cane weaving products, which also includes products like trays, shopping bags, flower baskets, toys and folding fans. Dolls and toys are also manufactured from bamboo, grass and cane. Kerala proffers various kinds of baskets made of kora grasses and screw pine leaves.
The village of Tirunelveli and Pattamadai are popular for its Kora grass mats. Kora grass grows in abundance, mainly along the river banks in marshy areas and thus is widely used in producing beautiful Pattamadai mats.
Kanchipuram Saree is the traditional costume of women in Tamil Nadu. Lungi and Angavastra is that for men of the state.
Costumes of Tamil Nadu:The beauty and quality of the Indian costumes have earned them vast global recognition. The costumes of the state of Tamil Nadu are admired and loved by many. Sarees occupy an especial place in costumes of the state of Tamil Nadu, and thus forms a significant part of the heritage of the state.
Saree and blouse is the traditional costume of the women of Tamil Nadu, while dhoti or lungi (lower garment) and the angavasthram (upper garment) are the traditional costume for the men of the state. Nowadays, angavasthram is mostly replaced by shirt. The fashionable western wear is taking over the traditional society of the state of Tamil Nadu, mainly among men, who prefer wearing trousers and shirts instead of angavasthram and lungi.
In the state of Tamil Nadu, various types of sarees are available, which are made of various materials like chiffon, cotton, silk, crepe silk, georgette, organza, micro silk, Pattola silk etc. Tamil Nadu’s Kanchipuram silk sarees are quite famous and women mainly wear them on important occasions like wedding, religious ceremonies etc. The length of Sarees in Tamil Nadu usually ranges between 5-6 yards. One can also find 9yrd sarees that are mostly worn by Brahmin women of the state and that too after their marriage.
Nowadays, salwar kameez is highly popular among all the ladies of the state. Salwar Kameez refers to a loose trouser in which bottom is narrow and the top-end is wide. Some salwars shrink at the bottom and thus are known as 'churidhar'. The tops of such churidhar are known as 'kameez'. Tamil women also like wearing embroidered saris, salwars and kurtis. Kurtis can be described as a short top wear. It extends till the knees and is mostly worn with jeans. Majority of Tamil ladies prefer wearing kurtis instead of t-shirt.
Attires For Women:The traditional women of Tamil Nadu prefer wearing heavy Kanchipuram Sari in which the lower piece of calf is left uncovered and the pallu is coiled round her waist. The striking thing is that Tamil women try to wear the most beautiful Kanchipuram Sari as if they are going to a wedding on each & every day.
A sari can be defined as a piece of cloth that ranges between 5-6 yards in its length. The color & texture of the cloth of saree varies and the saree may be of silk, cotton, chiffon etc. In the state of Tamil Nadu, saris come in various types of fabrics like cottons, silks, georgettes, chiffons, crepes and many more.
Mens Wardrobe:In the state of Tamil Nadu men usually wear Lungi along with Angavastra and a shirt. The traditional Lungi sprang up in the South and is simply a cloth, which is worn round the thighs like that of a Sarong. A Dhoti is longer than Lungi but in it the additional length of cloth is pulled upwards between the two legs.
The lungi is a piece of cloth, which is generally made of cotton and is wrapped round the waist. It is pleated at the groin. The Angavastra refers to a long piece of material, which is worn around the shoulders. Earlier, Angavastra was worn as an upper garment, but today men prefer wearing an angavastra over the shirt.
The globalization has lead to the westernization of the dresses. Majority of women in Tamil Nadu wear traditional costumes but men are much comfortable wearing western clothing like trousers & shirts instead of traditional Lungi and Angavastra.
Bagavatha Nadanam, Bharathanatyam, Devaraattam, Chakkai Attam, Kai Silambu Attam, Kamandi or Kaman Pandigai, Kali Attam or Kolattam, Kai Silambu Attam, Kavadi Aattam, Karagattam, Kolattam, Kazhai Kothu are the main dance forms of Tamil Nadu.
Bharatha Natyam:Bharatha Natyam is one of the India’s oldest dance forms that originated in the state of Tamil Nadu. It was initially performed in the temples as a part of religious rituals. The significant features of Bharatanatyam are that the dancer moves and makes a series of geometrical patterns. Bharatanatyam is the purest form of classical dance. It is a mixture of Nirtta (which is the rhythmic movement of body without expressing any emotions), Nirtya (combination of rhythm with expression through hands, facial movements and eyes), and Natya (dramatic element). This dance form is performed with rasa (emotion), mudras (hand formations), and Abhinaya (expression). All dances are prepared around nava rasas (which is the general expressions of anger, happiness, disgust, sorrow, fear, compassion, courage, serenity and wonder). Carnatic Music accompanies the dance.
Karagam Dance:Kargam is a Tamil Nadu’s folk dance that originated as a ritual devoted to Mariamman, the goddess of rain and health. She also protects from the dreadful cholera and small pox. This ritual is performed in the August month. The Mariamman’s idol is carried along in the procession.
The ritual pot several feet high, adorned with decorations and filled with water is carried by the priest. Dancers perform many acrobatic stunts while following the procession which is accompanies by numerous musical instruments such as Nadaswaram, Thavil, Udukkai, Muni, Pambai etc.
The Karagam Dance is quite famous in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Pondicherry and Karnataka. It is an eye catching dance where in the dancer carries ornamented and vertically piled vessels on the heads along with wearing colorful costumes. They dance on the rhythm of Thavil and the tune of Nagaswaram. It is quite famous in villages especially during temple festivals.
Kavadi Attam:The devotees of the Lord Murugan, the Lord Shiva’s son, perform the dance. Dressed in saffron or bright yellow robes, devotees perform Kavadiyattam and spread sacred ash or vibhoothi all over their body. Each devotee carries on his/her shoulder a decorated Kavadi which is a huge bow richly adorned with peacock feathers. Peacock is believed to be the vehicle of Sree Subramanya). Kavadiyattam exactly implies to dancing carrying a kavadi. Kavadies generally come in different shapes and sizes with each one having its own importance.
The dancers spin and twist in a row. A set of kavadi dancers display a striking sight. The dancers steadily move in fury, in step with rising beats of percussion instruments. Sometimes, a wind instrument, Nadaswaram, is also used.
Devarattam:Devarattam, the dance of gods, has a special ritualistic and social importance for the community of the Kambala Naikar, Tamil Nadu. This is because they believe that they are direct descendants of the gods or devas. The dance is performed around April to May, during social occasions like marriages etc. Deva Thunthubi, a percussion instrument having the shape of a drum, provides rhythm and the stress is on fluent and fast body movements. The dance performed during festivals ritualistically varies in nature from what is seen on social occasions.
Dummy Horse:Dummy Horse is called as 'Puraviyattam' or 'Poikkal Kudhirai' in Tamil Nadu. This art form boomed under the patronage of Thanjavur Kinga and is known to have been initially performed by the Maratta Artistes. In this dance, a dummy horse, made out of the bamboo sticks, cardboard and wooden sticks, are utilized by the artistes to create sound effects of hooves. The horses are adorned in Thanjavur Style using mirrors and other embellishments.
Kummi:Kummi is one of the most ancient and significant forms of dances of Tamil Nadu. It originated at the time when the musical instruments were not developed, only the participants used to clap to keep the time. This dance is performed by women. This dance has various types such as Deepa Kummi, Poonthatti Kummi, Kadir Kummi, Kulavai Kummi, Mulaipari Kummi etc. In this, women form a circle and dance along with the clapping rhythmically to lift the songs. The dance is generally performed during Pongal, the harvest festival, temple festivals and family functions such as to celebrate the coming age (beginning of puberty) of girl child etc. the first line is sung by leading lady and the others repeat it.
Mayilattam:Mayilattam is a religious and artistic dance form performed in the Kerala’s temples for worshipping Lord Subrahmanya.
Mayilattam performer wears costumes such as that of Lord Subrahmanya travelling on his peacock and performing specific dances. The performer does not dance on his bare foot but on a tall wood piece attached to his feet. This dance form requires extensive practice and training that is why many people don’t take up this dance. An outstanding Mayilattam performer is Kumaranalloor Mani.
Oyilattam:Oyil stands for beauty. This dance is actually the dance of beauty. According to the traditions, this dance form is performed only by men. But, since past ten years women also stared participating in it. Oyilattam is widespread in the southern districts, particularly in Kongu Nadu. First a few people stand in a row and then they start dancing with rhythmic steps. Complicated steps are used in martial arts like Silambattam. Gradually, the row becomes longer as the guests and new comers join and dance along. Ankle bells are also worn by the dancers. The dance is performed with the company of songs and musical instruments. It is performed near public places or the temples in the evening and morning hours sometimes even till midnight. There are various styles of Oyilattam which differ from place to place.
Thappattam:Thapattam is a Tamil Nadu’s folk dance which is known as Paraiattam in the ancient Sangam literatures. Parai is an instrument used for the announcement of the message of Ancient kings of Tamil Nadu. During Bhakti cult, both Vaishnavite and Saivite Saints have referred Parai as a ritual instrument used in the worshipping patterns. Sri Andal, Merra’s counter part in Tamil Nadu mentions this instrument, in many stanzas in her work Thirupavai.
The Parai acquired the name Thappu because of the beating action on the Parai Instrument. Thappu is always related with the beats and the dance. The most unique thing about Thappatam is that the dancer and the player are the same. The drum beats and the body movements meet in unison which turns into an expressive form of dance. It is an artform of the suppressed class. Unfortunately, the people of higher caste invite Thappattam dance only for funeral processions. But as far as suppressed community is concerned, Thappattam Dance is an artform which goes from the birth of a child to death of a woman or man.
Thappattam is played at every propitious function of a family such as birth of a child, puberty, marriage and while worshipping the community deities. The patterns of drum beats vary according to the performance in an auspicious function and funeral ceremony. South Zone Culture Center took the endeavor in 1986 to revive the liveliness of the dance under the guidance of Prof. Ramanujam with a training program given to Thappattam players of Reddipalayam in Thanjavur District.
This dance has made an impact on socio- cultural sphere of Tamil Nadu to a very large extent. Thappattam has actually become the center of attraction for practioners of modern theatre, creative dancers, cultural exchange programmes, and cultural studies. The traditional troupe of Thappattam of Reddipalayam have even performed abroad.
Kolaattam:Kolaattam is an ancient art of villages. It is mentioned as 'Cheivaikiyar Kolattam' in Kanchipuram which is a proof of its antiquity. It is performed by only women, with two sticks in each hand which are beaten to make rhythmic sound. Pinnal Kolaattam is performed with ropes which the women hold in their hands and the other end is tied to a tall pole. Women plan their steps and skip over each other, forming intricate lace like patterns in the ropes. The lace looks extremely attractive since coloured ropes are used. Then the women reverse their dance steps unraveling the lace. This dance is performed till ten days beginning from new moon or Amavasi night after Diwali.
Puli Attam:Puli Attam is performed by young men, who paint their bodies with colours like black and yellow, complete with fangs, paws with claws and long tail, head gear with ears simulating the prancing, ouncing tiger with every ferocious move. Beating the drums wildly adds craziness in the performance. Sometimes, the dancers tie a goat and bring it along, and then pretend to jump on it and kill it. Puli Attam is performed during the temple festivals and draws large number of crowds.
To name the mojor festivals of Tamil Nadu, the list will go as Natyanjali Dance Festival, Pongal, Chithirai Festival in Madurai, Mahamagam, Pongal, Dance Festival of Mamallapuram, Aurbathimoovar, Kanthuri Festival, Saral Vizha (Kuttalm or Courtallm), Kavadi Festival, Kanthuri Festival, Navrathri, Velankanni and Karthigai Deepam.
Karthigai Deepam Festival:Karthigai Deepam, the South India’s oldest festival, happens to be the most important and elaborate festival. Karthigai Deepam is celebrated in the Tamil month of Karthigai when the Krithigai star is on ascendant which generally occurs on a full moon day. The festival is also known as “Festival of Lights”.
Kavadi Festival:All the Lord Muruga devotees perform a common rite, which is known as Kavadi. The devotee has to bear little pain while offering Kavadi to Lord Muruga but instead he gets million times more of what he had suffered.
Mostly people vow to offer Kavadi to the lord in order to avoid any calamity. At first site, it may look very awkward but in reality it contains the seed of the immense love for god. By offering Kavadi, the object can be achieved but after the ceremony the devotee is so god intoxicated that he fully goes in complete state of devotion.
Pongal Festival:A majority of Indian population depends heavily on agriculture. The result is that most of the festivals are related to agricultural activities of different people. These festivals have different names and also different rituals are followed while celebrating them. Pongal is one such festival, which is celebrated in order to commemorate the withdrawal of Southeast monsoons and also to mark the reaping of harvest. It is celebrated in the month of Thai.
Natyanjali Dance Festival:Festivals have great value in Chidambaram. The Natyanjali festival dedicated to the Cosmic Dancer (Lord Shiva) is celebrated every year during February-March. Lord Nataraja, according to Hindu mythology is the cosmic dancer. He is also called "the Lord of Dances".
Natyanjali festival opens on the auspicious occasion of the Maha Shivaratri day and of course in the right kind of venue - the 'Prakara' of the Chidambaram temple. The magnificent temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, built a thousand years ago, provides a beautiful backdrop for the event. The setting is truly divine-Chidambaram's gold-roofed temple, with pillars depicting Lord Nataraja in 108 poses from Bharatanatyam - Tamil Nadu's classical dance.
Car Festival at Kaliyaperumal Temple:The Kaliyaperumal temple is a major attraction of Ariyalur. This temple is famous for its "Car festival" which is conducted yearly. The people of Ariyalur celebrate the festival grandly.
A Ten-Day Celebration :
The car festival is a 10-day celebration for the small town of Ariyalur. The festival starts with the day of "Srinavame" in the month of Chithirai or Panguni (March-April). The grand event of Eganthem Sevai for Varatharajapermual is on 10th day of festival. The festival attracts people from all over the state of Tamil Nadu.
The temple is also famous for the Puraittasi Saturdays. Every year in the month of 'Puraittasi' (September), special pujas, 'Arathanai', 'Abishekams', etc are done on the four Saturdays. This also is a major attraction of the Kaliyaperumal tem.
Mahamagam Festival:Mahamagam festival is a sacred festival, which brings devotees once in 12yrs to the holy city of Kumbakonam, which got it name from the term "Kumbha" i.e. the divine pot. It is believed that Lord Brahma (the creator) held a pot that contained seed of creation along with nectar. In the form of hunter, Lord Shiva shot an arrow, which struck the pot and spilled the nectar into the world-wide famous Mahamagam tank located at Adi Kumbeswarar Temple.
Chithirai Festival:Chithirai Festival is celebrated during the months of April-May. On this festival marriage of Lord Sundareswarar and Goddess Meenakshi is celebrated. According to the legend, it is said that Lord Vishnu as Azhagar attended the wedding of Lord Shiva (Lord Sundareswarar) and Parvathi (Goddess Meenakshi) by riding a golden horse. A chariot is decorated on which two idols of the married couple are placed. The chariot is taken all round the town and is accompanied by the notes of Nadaswaram along with the beat of the drums. A spiritual atmosphere falls on Madurai. When the chariot passes through the locality of 'devasthanam', offerings of flowers, coconuts, agarbathis and camphor are made by the devotees. Chithirai Festival attracts a gigantic crowd. Various fairs and trade exhibition are organized here that lend festivity to this festival.
Cape Festival:Kanyakumari is also referred as Cape Comorin and is situated in the southern tip of India, where Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal meet. A bath here in the ocean is believed to holy, but taking bath here is not easy as the sea is quite rough here. Kanyakumari is the one & only place in India, from where sunset and the moonrise can be seen at the same time during the full moon day.
The Vivekananda memorial located in the midst of the sea is widely known to give peace to mind. People of Kanyakumari celebrate Cape festival for three days. Various cultural programs mark the Cape festival.
Carnatic music and ancient Tamil music are two dominant forms in Tamil Nadu.
Music in Tamil Nadu:Music of the state of Tamil Nadu has a very rich history, which dates back more than hundred years. Music forms an important part of culture of Tamil people. The music evolved in the state in the form of Carnatic music and further into film music. The Tamil music tradition goes back to earliest time of Tamil history. Various poems of Sangam liertaure i.e. the Tamil classical literature of ancient time were transformed into music. Carnatic classical & folk music and film music are the two most common forms of music popular in the state of Tamil Nadu.
Carnatic classical & folk music has a very long history in which various performers have emerged. The folk singing is most popular in the rural areas. People like Pushpavanam Kuppuswamy and Vijayalakshmi Navaneethakrishnan have done their best to revive the folk music of the state. There are various communities in the state and thus each & every community has its own type of folk music. When it comes to film music, Tamil industry has some of the most talented composers, A.R. Rahman being one of them. The film music of the state of Tamil Nadu is well known for its eclecticism and innovation.
Todas, Kadars, Irulas, Kattunaikas, Kurumans, Kotas, Paniyans, Pulayans, Muthuvans, Malayalees, Kurumbas, Eravallans, Paliyans Kanikkars and Mannans are the prominent tribal groups of Tamil Nadu.
Tribes of Tamil Nadu:Nilgris is a home to various tribes of the state of Tamil Nadu. Some of the common tribes that reside in the state of Tamil Nadu are Kotas, Todas, Irulas, Kurumbas, Badagas and many more. Each of these tribes follows their own traditions and customs, which have been inherited by them from their forefathers. The men from some tribes are generally engaged in milking and grazing of their large herds of cows and buffaloes, while some are occupied in agricultural activities, carpentry, pottery etc. Majority of the tribal women of Tamil Nadu look after the house & the kids, while some also help men in agricultural activities.
The tribes are usually distinguished from the type of dress worn both by men and women. Each tribe has its own language and they also worship different god & goddesses. When it comes to cuisines, each tribe again has its own specialties. Earlier most of the tribes were engaged in hunting and gathering but today all have changed. Many of them work as laborers in the coffee plantations. Slowly with the cutting of forests, these tribes are slowly getting exposed to the outside world. Their way of living is changing from the forest dweller to the one near mainstream.
Place of Worship
Sri Kapaleeswarar Temple, Kandaswamy Temple, The Shore Temple, Parthasarathy Temple, Vadapalani Temple, Nataraja Temple, Madurai Wallajah Mosque are some of the main religious places in Tamil Nadu.
Uthappam, Parota, Upma, Arisi Maavu Koozhu, Dosa, Filter Coffee, Idli, Sambhar, Rasam and Sevai are the popular delicacies of Tamil Nadu.
Food of Tamil Nadu:Tamil Nadu is highly popular for the various temples & monuments that are present here. All these monuments & temples belong to ancient Cholas, Pallavas and Chalukyas who ruled for a long time in this part of India.
To enhance their splendid footmarks, the people of the state of Tamil Nadu receive you with their luscious cuisines that you would love eating. Dishes of the state of Tamil Nadu are quite savory.
Cuisine of Chettinad:Chettinad is a significant city located in the state of Tamil Nadu and is quite popular for the exquisite array of mouth watering dishes that are found here. Chettinad is the driest district in the whole of South India and is populated by Chettiar Community. This tribe is the oldest one that resides in the district of Chettinad. This tribe has succeeded a lot as a trading community. The food of the Chettinad tribe is quite spicy and is among the most luscious cuisines of India. They have a high aromatic flavor specially the non-vegetarian dishes. Large quantity of different ground masalas and spices are used the preparation of non-vegetarian dishes in Chettinad.
Description of the Culinary Items :
Boiled eggs form the main vegetarian dish of Chettinad. The non vegetarian food items include prawns, crabs, mutton, lobsters and chicken. The Chettiar community is strictly against consumption of pork or beef. One can also find meat that comes along with salted vegetables and also various types of sun dried vegetables.
Building & Centre
Kamaraj Memorial House, Madras War Cemetery, Sivaganga Palace, Tanjavur Palace Tanjore, Rippon Building, Padmanabhapuram Palace Kanyakumari and Vivekananda Illam, Chennai are few major buildings and centers of Tamil Nadu.
Situated amidst rich flora fauna, Suruli Falls serve as a perfect picnic spot. They lie on the way to Periyar National Park, at a distance of 123 km from Madurai. The falls originate from the Megamalai hills and descend from a height of 150 feet. They are surrounded by the astounding beauty of the dense forest and even find mention in Tamil Epic, Silappathikaram, written by poet Ilango. The best feature of Suruli Falls is that they are round-the-year falls. There are facilities for both men and women to bathe in th... read more
Thirty-seven kilometres to the west of the city is located the Siruvani waterfall and dam. One is left enchanted and spellbound by the panoramic view of the dam and the falls. And when you are there don't forget to taste the water of Siruvani, for the water of Siruvani is known for its minerals and taste.
The Yercaud Lake with a picturesque pool surrounded by gardens and well-wooded trees are the first things that attract a visitor. The garden surrounding the lake is well groomed and best seen during the month of May when the Summer Festival is organised. One can avail the boating facilities available here. Boating in the cold water of the lake is enchanting as well as refreshing.
Also known as Kalhatti Falls. The water here cascades down an ht of 122 mts. All around are fascinating scenic delights. This picturesque spot is 10 kms from Kemmannugundi.
There is also a local temple here, constructed in a gap between two rocks. A "Jatra" is held here for three days every year and attracts pilgrims from far and near.
This is one of the wonderful waterfalls in Tamil Nadu. It is located at a distance of 114-km from Salem and 133-km from Bangalore. It is a part of the river Cauvery and is about 250 metres above sea level. The main attraction of the falls is its vertical drop from a height of 20 metres with a thundering sound. Surrounded by mountains, Hogenakkal offers a quite holiday in comfort.
Since the waters of the Cauvery flow through a forest of herbs on their journey to Hogenakkal, bathing in these falls is considered t... read more
Ooty Lake has emerged as one of the foremost tourist attractions of Ooty in recent years. The Lake and the Boat House has been the major entertainment hub of the large number of tourists who flock to this beautiful hill station all throughout the year and particularly in the summer months. Ooty Lake is an artificial lake that owes its construction to the first Collector of Ooty, John Sullivan. The original intention was to construct an irrigation tank but finally the lake was dredged out in the years 1823-1825. The... read more
The Kodaikanal Lake covers 24 hectares and is surrounded by a 5 km long road. Built by Sir Vere Henry Levinge (1819-1885), the collector of Madurai, who retired to Kodaikanal in 1863, the boating on the lake and pony rides around it are popular holiday activities.
Fort St. George, on Rajaji Salai, completed by the British in 1640, is presently used as the offices of the Tamilnadu Secretariat and the Legislative Assembly. Today, it is the commercial heart of the city, throbbing with life from dawn to dusk, its streets packed with crowds of traders, buyers and their employees. Built by the East India Company the fort marks the beginning of Madras (Chennai) as a modern city. It was one of the first bastions of British Power in India. Fort St. George stands amid state offices fa... read more