Borobudur is an ancient Buddhist stupa and temple complex in Java, which dates back to the 8th century. Remarkable constructed, this is the largest Buddhist structure in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its majestic appeal is enhanced by the presence of mighty volcanoes in the backdrop.
History- It is reckoned that the construction of this site took 75 years and completed in 825 A.D. However, who constructed it and why are some questions that have remained unanswered. This monumental structure was covered with volcanic ash and thick forest and therefore forgotten for centuries.
Rediscovery- Thomas Stamford Raffles, the British Governor, heard of a lost monument in the jungles of Java. He ordered an investigation and it was two months of clearing the jungle that Borobudur was revealed. This place was fully unearthed in 1885.
Modern Day Borobudur- After the assessment from UNESCO, in 1968, the plan to fully restore the glory of Borobudur was created. In 1991, it was declared a World Heritage Site. It is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site today.
Borobudur is located in the Kedu Plain, a very fertile land surrounded by Mount Sumbing, Mount Sundoro, Mount Merbabu and Mount Merapi.
Borobudur is well-connect to the world via all means of transport. There is an airport and railway station located nearby. By road, tourists can choose to travel by buses or cars.
Although, the most practical means of getting around this complex is on foot. However, the options of taking the toy train, rented bicycles and cars are also available.
Apart from seeing the magnificent monument, tourists can also take a visit the two museums, namely Karmawibhanga Museum and the Samudraraksa Museum, located inside the premises of Borobudur Archeological Park.
There are some temples and a whole host of ruins around Yogyakarta, which are contemporaries of Borobudur. They are reminisces of the Hindu and Buddhist times in the region.
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