Liberia or the Republic of Liberia is a West African country bordered by Guinea to its north, Sierra Leone to its west and Côte d'Ivoire to its east. Over thirty indigenous languages are spoken in the country. The more sparsely populated inland consists of forests opening onto a plateau of drier grasslands. The coastline is composed mostly of mangroves.
In the 1940s, the country began to modernize after following investment by the United States during World War II. The country also experienced economic liberalization under President William Tubman in this era.