Pyramid of the Sun is a titanic edifice located in Teotihuacan. It is also one of the largest buildings in the whole Mesoamerica. Standing in the middle of Ciudadela and the Pyramid of the Moon, and shielded from the scorching sun by the colossal mountain named Cerro Gordo, this edifice constitutes to the prodigious complex in the city.
Pyramid of Sun was given its name by the Aztecs. Aztecs were the first people to re-explore the city after it was being deserted by its natives many many years ago. The elegant building was first contrived in 100 A.D and was given the size and structure that we see today. It is in the second phase of construction that the pyramid evolved as a full-fledged pyramid and also earned the glory of being the world’s third largest pyramid. During the second phase of construction an altar on the top of the edifice was also erected; though, this altar does not exist in contemporary world. As early as third century, Adosada platform was also included in the pyramid.
The Teotihuacanos embellished the pyramid with vibrant frescos, paintings and murals to give it a most sublime and gaping appeal. Painted on the subjects like stars, snakes, animal paws etc., in modern times these murals have almost disappeared from the walls. The stories also take rounds that the pyramid was also dedicated to some deity. The archaeologists have found some evidence of a collapsed temple over the pyramid, but no evidence has been found whether the temple was destroyed by some hostile mob, or collapsed itself due to some natural fury.
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