Mozambique has two primary seasons: The period between October and March is the wet season while the period between April and September is the dry season. However, the rainfall varies from place to place. The precipitation is high in the coastal areas while it decreases towards the north and south. The average rainfall is measured at 590 mm (23.2 in).
The Zambezi River divides the nation into two topographical areas. The area north to the river is covered with hills and plateaus while the area to the south of the river is made broader by the Mashonaland Plateau. There are five principal rivers and five lakes.