As Somalia is very close to the equator, its climate does not see any major change throughout the year. The conditions are perennially hot with the monsoon winds and irregular rainfall providing breaks from the heat. The average temperature in Somalia ranges between 30 degrees Celsius and 40 degrees Celsius. Northern Somalia witnesses the highest fluctuations in temperature where average temperatures in July reach 45 degrees Celsius and reach below the freezing point in December.
The coastline of Somalia is the longest in the continent of Africa. The Somalian terrain mostly consists of plateaus, highlands and plains.