The city of Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh is today synonymous with Sri Venkateswara Temple and has developed owing to the tourism it gets from pilgrims. It is one of the richest pilgrim destinations in the world and the busiest too. The word Tirupati has been derived from both Tamil and Sanskrit. In Tamil, Tiru refers to a holy or sacred and Pati is a Sanskrit word meaning husband or owner. The deity is hence known as ‘Owner of the Holy land’.
Sri Venkateswara Temple is centuries old and facts about its origin are still foggy. However, many kingdoms like those of Pallavas, Cholas and Vijayanagara Empire maintained its glory all these years. The visitors are expected to follow certain code of conduct here. Being a holy place, consumption of alcohol and meat is prohibited. The clothing is to be essentially decent. Taking a dupatta or wearing saree is a must for women.
Total population of Tirupati is 459,985, as per the census 2011 with a sex ratio of 969 females per 1000 males.
Telugu is the official language of the region.
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The period of July to February is more suitable for tourists, given the pleasant climate during these months. The Brahmotsavam festival happens in September.