Niger, or officially the Republic of Niger is named after the Niger River. It is a landlocked country in Western Africa. It borders Chad to the east, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, Nigeria and Benin to the south and Algeria and Libya to the North.
The diversity of Nigerien society can be traced back to the long independent histories of the regions and ethnic groups. The comparably short spans of various ethnic groups also add to this diversity.