Shimla is the capital of Himachal Pradesh. The splendid beauty and pleasant climate of this town makes it one of the most preferred tourist destinations in India. Shimla was the summer capital during the British regime. The Victorian architecture of the town gives it a distinct appeal.
|Main Languages||:||Hindi, Himachali, Garhwali and English.|
Total- 1,71,817 as per census 2011
|Temperature||:||Summer - Max : 27oC Min : 14.5oC.
Winter - Max : 16.5oC Min : 5.2oC.
Climate and Geography
Shimla is located at 31.61°N 77.10°E with an average altitude of 2397.59 meters. The town was built on seven hills in the south-western Himalayas. Two tributaries of River Yamuna, Giri, and Pabbar flow through Shimla. The forests in and around the city are that of pine, deodar, oak and rhododendron.
Shimla’s climate can be described as subtropical highland climate. The summers are moderately cold here while winters witness snow falls and dropping temperatures. The town receives heavy rainfalls compared to plains but less than other hill stations.
Shimla can be accessed by train though Kalka Railway Station which is 2 hours’ drive away. This route has been granted UNESCO World Heritage Site status for the alluring views it offers while travelling through 103 tunnels. Roadways are also a feasible option for getting in, given the good connectivity through highways. Shimla has its own airport at a distance of 22km. However, the airport has several limitations owing to the difficult terrain.