Ludhiana is the largest city of Punjab. It is part of the Ludhiana District and has a huge urban conglomeration. The city receives seasonal migrants from Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Odisha who work as farm labourers during the harvesting period. Ludhiana is a metropolitan city with a rapidly developing infrastructure. The growth is mainly credited to the industrialization of this region. Apart from industries, the agricultural products are produced in large numbers. BBC termed Ludhiana as India’s Manchester.
Ludhiana was initially called Lodi-ana, since it was under the rule of Lodi Dynasty. It has witnessed the regimes of many throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth century. This city is the birthplace of legendary freedom fighter Sukhdev Thapar, a close aide of Bhagat Singh, who was also hanged with him. Other famous people born here are actors Dharmendra, Pankaj Kapoor and Juhi Chawla, lyricist Sahir Ludhianvi, industrialist Sunil Mittal amongst many others.
Total:- 310 km2 (120 sq mi)
Elevation:- 262 m (860 ft)
16,13,878 as per census 2011.
The official language is Punjabi while most people also comprehend Hindi and English.
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