Patiala is a city in the Patiala District of Punjab. The city is located in the south-eastern region of Punjab. It is the fourth largest city of this state. It was founded by Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji. Patiala is situated around the Qila Mubarak (the Fortunate Castle) which was built in 1763 by two militiamen Sardar Lakhna and Baba Ala Singh. During his rule, Maharaja Narendra Singh got ten gates built around the city. Captain Amarinder Singh, former Chief Minister of Punjab, is the current head of the royal house. The city has been nick-named ‘City of Sardars’.
The city of Patiala has many stadiums and sports complexes that facilitate and encourage sports such as cricket, swimming, shooting, skating and hockey. The city has made contributions to the popular culture of Northern India. The most famous ones are turbans, paranda, Patiala salwar, jutti and Patiala peg.
7,62,003 as per census 2011
The official language is Punjabi while most people also comprehend Hindi and English.
Patiala is well connected to all major cities through state and national highways. It has some major cities nearby to connect through railways and airways.
Air: The nearest airport is at Chandigarh. Taxis and buses are available from the airport to reach Patiala.
Rail: The railway station at Patiala does not fall on the main lines. It receives more of passenger trains. The nearest important station is Ambala where many express trains pass through.
Bus: Direct buses move from Delhi and Chandigarh to Patiala at short intervals. Private buses also ply on this route frequently.
Shopping & Entertainment
The popular items indigenous to this region are Patiala Salwars- ladies trousers with many pleats, Punjabi suits, Juttis- a traditional form of footwear, Phulkari handicrafts, Parandi- an accessory used with braided hair. The Phul Cinema is not just a place for watching movies but also for witnessing the Art Deco style architecture.