Ludhiana is the largest city of Punjab. It is part of the Ludhiana District and has a huge urban conglomeration. The city receives seasonal migrants from Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Odisha who work as farm labourers during the harvesting period. Ludhiana is a metropolitan city with a rapidly developing infrastructure. The growth is mainly credited to the industrialization of this region. Apart from industries, the agricultural products are produced in large numbers. BBC termed Ludhiana as India’s Manchester.
Ludhiana was initially called Lodi-ana, since it was under the rule of Lodi Dynasty. It has witnessed the regimes of many throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth century. This city is the birthplace of legendary freedom fighter Sukhdev Thapar, a close aide of Bhagat Singh, who was also hanged with him. Other famous people born here are actors Dharmendra, Pankaj Kapoor and Juhi Chawla, lyricist Sahir Ludhianvi, industrialist Sunil Mittal amongst many others.
The official language is Punjabi while most people also comprehend Hindi and English.
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Total:- 310 km2 (120 sq mi)
Elevation:- 262 m (860 ft)
16,13,878 as per census 2011.
Climate & Geography
Ludhiana city is situated by the old banks of River Sutlej, which has now changed its course and moved 13km away. It has an average elevation of 244 metres. The elevation towards the north and west is lesser since the river bed was on this side. The climate here is humid subtropical. Summers are extremely hot; monsoon showers are reasonably good but bring in excess of humidity; winters have warm days and chilly nights.
It is comfortable to get to Ludhiana and also to travel around. The city is well-equipped with all means of transport.
Air: The nearest airport is at Delhi. It is a 5 hour drive down to Ludhiana from here which could be covered on bus or by taxis.
Rail: The railway station of Ludhiana falls on the main line Delhi-Amritsar. It receives frequent express and passenger trains for Jammu, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Patiala, Pathankot, Kanpur, Delhi, Chandigarh, Mumbai and Kolkata.
Road: Direct buses move from Delhi to Ludhiana from ISBT covering the 320km distance. Private taxis can also be hired to reach here.
Ludhiana Metro: The construction this metro rail is underway and will hopefully be functional by 2015.
City Transportation: Local buses, auto and cycle rickshaws and taxis are commonly used to get around the city. They are readily available at reasonable prices.
Shopping & Entertainment
Similar to other metropolitan cities, Ludhiana also has some shopping malls. Westend, Silver Arc, Flamez and MBD malls are frequently visited places by the locals. There are many multiplexes in the city for offering movie entertainment. The city has some stadiums where cricket, football and kabaddi matches are regularly played.