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About Mauritania

Mauritania is officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania. It is situated in West Africa and is an Arab Maghreb country. The desert and ocean form a major part of Mauritania. Beautiful sights like rock formations adorn the interiors of Mauritania. The ancient cities of Mauritania like Chinguetti, Quadane, Oualata and Tichitt with their long histories form major tourist attractions.

Currency :

Ouguiya (MRO)

Area :

1,030,700 square km (397,954 square miles)

Population :

3,069,000 (approximately)

Language :

Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof and French

Calling Code :


Time Zone :


Climate And Geography

The climate of Mauritania is marked by extremes in temperature. The days are very hot with the humidity being moderate while the nights see temperatures dipping to the low scales. Mauritania is marked by plains and the lands are usually flat. The oases located in Mauritania are fed by the spring. Kediet ej Jill, with a height of 915 meters (3,002 ft) is the highest peak of Mauritania.

Territory and Capital : Mauritania lies between latitudes 14 degrees and 26 degrees N and longitudes 5 degrees and 17 degrees W. Mauritania is surrounded by the Western Sahara to the North, the Atlantic Ocean to the West, Algeria to the North-east, Mali to the East and South East and Senegal to the South-West.

Nouakchott is the capital of Mauritania. It is the largest city of Mauritania. Nouakchott enjoys a relatively moderate climate and is located centrally within the country. Nouakchott serves as both the economic and administrative center of Mauritania.

Suitable Visiting Seasons : The best times to visit Mauritania are December and January. The migratory birds form breeding formations and the national parks become home to them. The months between March and May are the coolest months of the year, making the tourist visits lot easier.


Railways, Motorways, Highways, Waterways, Ports and Harbors and Airports form the major ways of transportation. Roadways along with Waterways (on the Senegal River) are the preferred modes of transport.

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