Gangtok town is the capital of Sikkim. This hill station is the largest town in its state. Gangtok gained a distinguished status as a Buddhist Pilgrimage after the Enchey Monastery was set up here in 1840. Presently, the culture of Gangtok is predominant in Tibetan Buddhist ways. There are several monasteries and learning centres for Tibetology. People in Gangtok belong to many different tribes and religions. This adds diversity in the life of the town as well as the languages spoken there.
The etymological derivation of the name Gangtok is unclear. However, the generally accepted meaning is ‘Hill Top’. The economy of Gangtok is mostlty driven by its tourism. Hence, the state government is making efforts to provide as much facilities as possible for them. Gangtok is a very clean town in a well-maintained and planned manner. The laws of the land are strictly followed. This town is a nice getaway from the city life.
98,658 as recorded in 2011.
|Temperature||:||Summer - Max : 20.7. Min : 13.1.
Winter - Max : 14.9. Min : 7.7.
The official languages are Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limbu, Newari, Rai, Gurung, Mangar, Sherpa, Tamang, Sunwar, Tibetans and Hindi.
|Best Time to Visit||:||
Throughout the year
|Climate and Geography||:||
Located in the Himalayan laps Gangtok never experiences the hot weather as in the plains. The winters are cold.
Climate & Geography
Gangtok is situated in the lower Himalayas in Sikkim state. It has an average elevation of 1,650 m. It is placed on one side of a hill with two streams on its either side. The slopes are steep and prone to landslides. A large area of Gangtok is covered by forests. The town experiences a subtropical highland climate which makes it a pleasant place throughout the year. There are fewer variations in the temperature from season to season.
Gangtok has a difficult terrain and the direct connection is only by road. Rail and air transport is available from nearby towns.
Air: The nearest airport is Bagdogra Airport, 16km away from Siliguri. Gangtok is soon to get its own airport.
Rail: The railway station is 124 km at New Jalpaiguri is on the rail route of trains coming from Guwahati and connects this place to Delhi, Kolkata and other metro cities.
Roadways: The town can be reached by buses and taxis directly or via Siliguri. It takes about 4 hours from Siliguri.
Local Transport: To get around in the town, taxis are available. The other option is to take cable cart which is feasible for selected places only.
Gangtok its captivating architectural beauty radiates with pagoda-like wooden houses, painted turquoise roofs and gay bazaars. Undoubtedly modern times have wound their way into this picturesque town, but the gently swaying and elegant costumes of the Sikkimese people, their smiling faces, the unhurried pace of their life-style and the towering beauty of Kanchenjunga all cast a magic spell on this delightful location in the foothills of the grand Himalayas. Perched atop a ridge at a height of 1520 mts. Lies Gangtok, a tantalizing town touched by a panorama of colours. Gangtok the capital of Sikkim, is today a busy town bustling with hectic activity. Gangtok serves as a perfect base for exploring Sikkim. Endowed with a wealth of exquisite beauty and magical mystery, with a host of walkways and delightful sights which make it all the more irresistible.
Shopping & Entertainment
Apart from local handicrafts, Sikkim is famous for fruit processing and different teas. Some of these products are Passion fruit Squash, Alpine Cheese, Temi Tea & Maha Gurudev Tea. MG Marg is the main shopping and cultural hub of Gangtok. There is a vast cultural diversity in this city. These people celebrate local festivals all year around.