The temples located here at Mahabalipuram were mostly constructed during the rule of famous ruler Narasimhavarman and the successor Rajasimhavarman. The pavilions, the shrines or rathas were hewn from granite rock. The famous Shore Temple is also located here at Mahabalipuram. According to the historian Percy Brown, the Pallavan Mandapas are quite similar to the rock-cut caves of Ellora and Ajanta. According to him, Narasimhavarman's after his victory over Pulakesin II (Chalukyan king) may have brought various artisans and sculptors back to Mahabalipuram as prisoners.
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