Tughlaqabad Fort

Tughlaqabad Fort

  • New Delhi
  • India
#54
Amont Things to Do in New Delhi
  • Established 1327
  • Timings 7 00 AM - 5 00 PM
  • Time Required 2-3 hrs
  • Entry Fee Indians INR 20 and Foreigners INR 200. Children (up to 15 years of age) Free

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Tughlaqabad Fort, New Delhi Overview

The well-protected Tughlaqabad, the third city of Delhi was built by Ghiyathu'd-Din Tughluq (1321-25). Being located on the wrecked hills, it has an additional architectural natural advantage to it. The fort is being divided in two parts; the citadel and palaces that are placed along the southern walls forming a unit and also the city which is located in the north. Out of these two the citadel is flawless and even the palaces can be observed however it is the other part that narrates its story of embattled past and terror. However, if carefully observed its streets can still be detected.

History:
Long back when khalji rulers were in reign in Delhi then ghazi malik was a feudatory to them. Once while walking with his master considering an extremely apt point on a hillock in the southern portion of Delhi for building a fort, ghazi shared the idea with his master. Master jokingly told him to build it himself when he comes to the throne, unknowingly that one day ghazi malik will drive away the khaljis. After coming to the throne ghazi immediately started the reformation of his renowned city. He beautified his city in every way possible but also keeping in mind to prevent it from the Mongolian marauders.

However, ghazi was unaware of the fact that his dream of building a marvelous city will ultimately lead to it only being cursed. History speaks that Ghias-ud-din was so impatient to build his city that he ordered all the laborers in Delhi to concentrate on his fort only, following which Nizamuddin Auliya’s Baoli work got stopped at which he got extremely furious. He cursed that the Fortified City (Hissar) will witness settlement only if the gypsies (Gujjars) decide to settle, the fact being that gypsies (Gujjars) lead nomadic life. Another of the saint’s curses was Hunuz Dilli dur ast which can be translated as Delhi is still far away. At a time when emperor was busy in a campaign in Bengal and had successfully completed it and was on his way to Delhi, ordered to kill him by making a shamiana fall over him and was quiet successful.

Architecture:
Despite of having faced massive killings there are still certain gigantic stone bulwarks which encompasses the ground plan of the city. One of the most striking features of the monuments of Tughlakabad is its sloping rubble-filled city walls which are about 10 and 15 meters in height and are topped by battlemented barricades and are further reinforced by circular bastions which are nearly two stories in height. The security of the city was further buttressed by installment of about 52 gates out of which nearly 13 have remained. 7 rainwater tanks is another important thing to watch in this fortified city.

There could have been several other interesting things which could have served as a treat to the eyes but due to dense thorny vegetation most of the city is inaccessible. The areas surrounding the lakes have been occupied by the modern settlement. Another well-safeguarded mausoleum is well connected to the fort by an uplifted causeway which is still intact. In the southeast are the residues of the fortress of ‘Adilabad, which was also built in a strikingly similar way.

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