Patna, the capital of Bihar, was known as Pataliputra in the old days. It was in 16th century, during the rule of Sher Shah Suri, that the city was given its new name. It is one of oldest continuously inhabited places of the world. The city was the hub of education in ancient India, famous for receiving foreign travellers such as Fa Hien. It was ruled by the most prominent dynasties namely Magadha, Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Gupta and Pala.
The city of Patna is on its way to become a metropolitan city with modern infrastructure; it has been placed 5th amongst the fastest growing cities of India. Yet it has not let go off its historical roots and has safely preserved its past. Situated on the banks of Ganges River, the city has very fertile land and is a major contributor to the agricultural sector of India. It is surrounded by important religious centres for Buddhist, Jain and Sikh pilgrims.
Urban- 135.79 km2
Metro- 234.7 km2
City- 99.45 km2
|Main Languages||:||Bhojpuri, Maithili, Hindi and English.|
Patna has a population of 1,683,200 comprising of 8,94,158 men and 7,98,042 women.
|Temperature||:||Summer - Max : 43oC. Min : 21oC.
Winter - Max : 20oC. Min : 6oC.
|Best Time To Visit||:||
The months from October to December are the best time to visit since the temperature is moderate then.
Climate and Geography
The city of Patna is situated in Bihar on the southern banks of River Ganga. The presence of alluvial soil makes the land very fertile here. Patna is the largest riverine city in the world with Ghaghara, Gandak, Punpun and Sone rivers also passing in its vicinity. The land is elevated up to 53 m.
The climate here is subtropical humid with extremely hot summers. Patna receives monsoon from June to September and chilly winters from November to February.
Patna is a major city in India and is well-connected by all means of transport. NH30, NH31 and NH2 pass through Patna. It has several railway stations offering direct connectivity to all major cities and small towns in its vicinity. The LJP Airport is a domestic airport with frequent flights to Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, Ahmadabad, Indore and Ranchi.
There are several options for going around in the city that include rickshaws, buses, cabs, local trains. The government has also approved the plan for Patna Metro to be developed.