Date of Establishment- 1905.
Area covered- 430square.kilometers.
Chief attraction- One-horned Rhinocerous.
Location- The Park is situated in the districts of Nagaon & Golaghat of Assam.
Explore the wilds of Kaziranga National Park! The Kaziranga National Park is located in Assam and covers the area of two districts of Nagaon & Golaghat. In the year 1985, Kaziranga National Park was declared as a World Heritage site. The park has two-thirds of the world population of The Great one-horned Rhinoceros.
The Park is situated along the banks of the river Brahmaputra and is fully covered with elephant grass. The park covers an area of around 430sq.kms and abounds in natural vegetation cover. The time period between the months of November-February is the ideal time for visiting the park. During the monsoons, the park gets flooded due to the increase in water level of the River Brahmaputra. Most of the animals migrate to the nearby hilly areas.
Flora- There are four types of chief vegetation cover i.e. alluvial savanna woodlands, tropical semi-evergreen forests, alluvial inundated grasslands and tropical moist mixed deciduous forests. Around 41% of the area is covered with short grass, while 11% is covered by open jungles. Some of the common species of trees & plants found here are Aphanamixis polystachya, Garcinia tinctoria, Cinnamomum bejolghota, Baguri, Crateva unilocularis, Duabanga grandiflora, Talauma hodgsonii, Sterculia urens and many more. There are various types of grasses, elephant grass being the most common.
Fauna-The chief attraction of the park is the great one horned Rhinoceros. The park holds the largest population of great one horned Rhinoceros in the world. In addition there are various other animals like Tigers, leopards, Elephants, Wild Asiatic Water Buffalo, Swamp Deer, Indian Muntjac, hog deer, sambar, Gaur, Jungle cat, Indian Gray Mongoose, Sloth Bear, Large Indian Civet, Hog Badger, Small Indian Mongooses, Indian Pangolins, Chinese Ferret Badgers, King cobra, crocodiles, vipers etc.
Avifauna-There are various species of birds found here, which includes Dalmatian Pelican, Spotted Greenshank, Blyth's Kingfisher, Spot-billed Pelican, White-fronted Goose, Baer's Pochard duck, Greater Adjutant and many more.
Modes of viewing wildlife! The best mode of travelling within the national park is via an elephant. An elephant ride is very exciting and through it one can view all species of animals from a very close range. One can also opt for the jeep safari.
Air- The closest airport is located at Jorhat (97kms).
Rail- The closest railway station is situated at Furkating (75kms).
Road- The Park is well connected by the National highway 37.
|Ideal duration||:||1-2 days|
|Best Time to Visit||:||November to April|
|Famous For||:||One-horned Rhinoceros|
|Nearest Railway Station||:||Furkating Junction|
|Nearest Airport||:||Jorhat Airport (97 km)|
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