Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon at Sarnath. It is at a distance of about ten kilometers from the sacred Varanasi. One can feel the famous Buddhist chanting,
Gautama Buddha found and taught his five former companions, they understood and as a result, also became enlightened. At that time the Sangha, the community of the enlightened ones, was founded. The sermon Buddha gave to the five monks was his first sermon, called the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta.
In front of it was a stone pillar to mark the spot where the Buddha preached his first sermon. Nearby was another stupa on the site where the Pañcavaggiyas spent their time in meditation before the Buddha's arrival, and another where five hundred Pacceka Buddhas entered Nibbana.
|Built in||:||3rd Century BC|
|Area||:||2.80 sq. km.|
|Altitude||:||80.71 mtrs. Above sea level.|
|Festivals Celebrated||:||Buddha Purnima, Anniversary of First Sermon|
|Religious Significance||:||It is one of the four most important Buddhist pilgrimage centres of India|
|Best Time to Visit||:||October - March|
|Nearest Railway Station||:||Varanasi Railway Station|
|Nearest Airport||:||Babatpur Airport|
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