India is considered as a land of festivals. Apart from religion linked festivals, India also has moments of formal celebrations. Festivals of national importance are reckoned as National Festivals. National festivals are celebrated in the name of great leaders as well as historic events that are of national importance. Such festivals inculcate a strong feeling of patriotism in the minds of Indians. Some of the National festivals that India celebrates are Children's Day, Gandhi Jayanti, Independence Day, Republic Day and Teacher’s Day.
National festivals are organized by the government and general public actively participates in it. Republic Day and Independence Day are marked by march-fast and flag hoisting in all state-capitals, headquarters, corporations, municipalities and even in colleges and schools. Being, one of the national festivals, Teachers Day is celebrated to commemorate national leader, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. Moreover, Children’s Day and Gandhi Jayanti are observed as the days of birth of national leaders- Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi.
Republic Day Festival
Another special day that has a national importance in the history of Indian national festivals is Republic Day. It is celebrated on 26 th January every year as on this very day the constitution of India was framed by Constituent Assembly of India. The spectacular celebrations of this day include marches and parade by Indian armed forces, folk dances from different states in various picturesque costumes and many more.
Independence Day commemorates the day, August 15, 1947 when India was released from the rule of British Empire. This day is celebrated as the birth of world's largest democracy as the national festival. Independence Day is marked by various cultural programmes and flag hoisting ceremonies all over the country. Moreover, it signifies the true feeling of solidarity, nationalism and celebration.
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated with reverence to commemorate the birth anniversary of the father of nation, Mahatma Gandhi. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October, 1869 and this day is marked as an occasion of his birthday. Gandhi, as he was called, proved through his assiduous efforts that non-violence is an effective instrument to bring social change. He laid a wide platform to promote his teachings of avoiding violence and finding solutions.
Children's Day is observed as a day to celebrate Childhood. This day is marked as a tribute to all the children in this world. With their innocent smiles and angelic eyes, children have touched our hearts. Children's Day is celebrated on 14 th November as the birth anniversary of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. Moreover, this day is chosen to reflect his love as well as passion for children.
In India, Teacher's Day is celebrated on 5 th September as a tribute to contribution of all teachers towards society. This day is observed as a birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan a great teacher, diplomat and President of India. Teacher's Day is not a national holiday but is marked by celebrations all over the country.