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Humayun Tomb, New Delhi

Humayun Tomb Overview

Humayun's tomb which is known as? Humayun ka Maqbara in hindi is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India. This tomb has a romantic tale associated to it which is that after the death of the Mughal emperor Humayun, his wife Bega Begum was so grief stricken that she decided to live the rest of her life for the sole purpose of building a mausoleum in the great memory of her soul mate. A Persian architect known by the name of Mirak Mirza Ghiyas personally chosen by the Begum herself was handed the work of designing the tomb which came out to be the first garden-tomb on the entire Indian subcontinent. Established in the year 1570, this tomb located in the Nizamuddin East, Delhi, India, which is also in close proximity to the Dinah-Panah citadel famously known as Purana Qila which also founded by Humayun in the year 1533. In the year 1993, it was also proclaimed to be a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The area where the Humayun tomb is situated also homes several other tombs out of which there is a tomb of Isa Khan Niyazi which is two decades older than the humayun tomb.

The main tomb of the Humayun also houses the graves of Bega Begum herself, Hamida Begum, and also Dara Shikoh, great great grandson of Humayun and son of the much later Emperor Shah Jahan, as well as several other succeeding Mughals, including Emperor Jahandar Shah,Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ul-Darjat, Rafi Ud-Daulat and Alamgir II. Yamuna Bank was chosen as the site for the tomb specifically due to its nearness to the much admired sufi saint Nizamuddin Auliya’s mausoleum known as the Nizamuddin Dargah.

Architecture

The tomb stands right in the middle of a square garden which is beautifully divided into four paved path ways, and thus it is called Charbagh. The compound that is strengthened using rubble gets its grandeur from double-storied gateways standing at the West and South. A Bardari and a Hammam inhabit the Eastern and the centre of the Northern wall respectively. Humayun Tomb was the first antique architecture that was constructed using red sandstone in massive numbers. The structure of the mausoleum represents a square double-storied structure, exhibiting corners which are cut at right angles. It rises from a terrace which is again square in shape. The grave is centralized in the cell complex and can be reached using a passage on the south. The central chamber, given an octagonal shape, houses the Cenotaph. However, the other graves are put in the corner chambers, which can be reached through their diagonal sides. The exterior of the tomb is overpowered by three arched alcoves out of which the central one is the highest. The elevations of the tomb are ornamented with marble borders and panels. a similar plan was enacted on the second floor. However, roof is mastered by a double dome of marble which is 42.5 m in thickness and has pillared kiosks installed all over it.


Information for tourists

Entry is free on Friday. On other days, there is a small entry fee.


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