Iran is situated in the western parts of Asia and is officially known as the Islamic republic of Iran. Iran is a Persian name which translates as the Land of the Aryans. Before 1930, Iran was known to the western world as Persia. The terms Iran and Persia are both used in an interchangeable manner in the cultural context. Hiking and Skiing in the mountains and beach holidays provide the major tourist attractions.
Rial (?) (IRR)
1,648,195 km (636,372 square miles)
Persian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Lori, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Balochi, Arabic, Turkmen