The City of Vijayawada has a flat topography with some small hills of the Eastern Ghats and agricultural fields in the central region. The Krishna River flows through the city and Budameru River on the north.
The climate in Vijayawada is mostly hot and humid. During May-June, temperature soars to 47°C and hardly drops below 15°C during winters. The city experiences both the southwest monsoon and northeast monsoon, making the humidity levels go up to 78%.