Zoological Gardens is situated at Alipore Road, the horticultural garden houses the Zoo of Calcutta, with many wild animals in natural enclosures. It also has many varieties of birds and reptiles other than the interesting flora and fauna. To the south of the Maidan, Calcutta 16-hectare zoo was opened in 1875. Some of the animals are displayed in near natural environments, others in the pitiful conditions characteristic of Third World zoos. In 1873, the then Governor Sir Richard Temple proposed the formation of a zoo in Calcutta. Sir C.L. Lendal corroborated it. Finally, the Government allotted land for this purpose responding to the joint petition of The Asiatic Society and Agri-Horticultural Society. This is the largest zoo in India. It comprises several animals, birds and even creatures of rare species. It has a large collection of birds and mammals, and an enclosure for reptiles, including a tortoise that is much older than the zoo itself. During the winter season, the migratory birds flock in the zoo for its artificial lake and vegetation. Directly across the main zoo is an aquarium, with a variety of aquatic life from around the world. The Zoological Gardens, was established as a private, voluntary society. It is famous for its tigers. Special attractions are the white tiger, the tigon (a cross between a tiger and a lion) and the litigon (a cross between a lion and a tigon). It can take hours to go through all the sections. The campus also features a children's park and a cafeteria.
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